Mortality rate is a major concern in the community. The world health organization is now proceeding more efficient ways to lessen the rate of mortality, providing more equipment and proposing more ideal strategies. Aside from health concerns, other reasons such as rapes, murders, homicides and others are some other factors adding to mortality rate. Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically less than one year of age. The mortality rate of infants is a world-wide. Infant mortality is big in developing countries.
Here are some countries having the highest rate of mortality, including, Central African Republic , Mali, Angola (epidemics of malaria, cholera and rabies are common in some areas of the country), Sierra Leone Equatorial Guinea, Somalia, Guinea Bissua (having only 5 doctors per 100, 000 people – this is probably the reason why there is a big rate of infant mortality as there are not much doctors attending the health needs of the people), D.R Congo, Chad (in which almost 13% per 1000 people dies before reaching their first birthday) and Afghanistan ( country with high fertility rate but low life expectancy).
The major causes of infant mortality are term birth complications, birth asphyxia, pneumonia, neonatal infection, malaria, diarrhea, measles and malnutrition. Many factors contribute to infant mortality such as environmental conditions, mother’s level of education, and political and medical infrastructure. The world is now calling out to prevent mortality on innocent infants by improving sanitation, immunization against infectious diseases, access to clean drinking water and to practice other health measures.